Is Betting Legal in The USA?

It's late afternoon at the Wynn sportsbook, on the north end of the iconic Las Vegas Strip. The venue is buzzing as sporting events kick off on the East Coast. Bettors fill the seats, eager to seize their chance in the big games. Here in Nevada, the birthplace of gambling, sports betting is fully legal.

But what about the rest of the United States? The answer is not as straightforward. In May 2018, the United States Supreme Court decided, ruling 6-3, to overturn a federal ban on sports betting. However, this ruling didn't automatically legalize sports gambling nationwide. Instead, it empowered individual states to determine their stance on this form of gambling.

Fast forward to early 2023, and we witness a shift in the landscape. Thirty-three states and the District of Columbia have legalized sports betting. Among these jurisdictions, 24 have gone a step further by permitting online betting, allowing its residents to place wagers from their own homes.

On January 31, 2023, the state of Massachusetts also launched retail sports betting, followed by the introduction of mobile sports betting on March 2023. Kentucky, too, has joined the ranks of states embracing this trend. In March 2023, HB 551 was passed, legalizing sports betting within its borders. Although the launch of sportsbooks is yet to happen, sportsbooks must be up and running within six months of June 28, 2023, when the legislation officially took effect. Additionally, North Dakota did as well move forward in a similar direction, allowing tribal casinos to accept sports wagers since December 2021.

North Carolina has also made strides in the legalization of sports betting. In July 2019, Governor Roy Cooper signed S 154 into law, making North Carolina the 17th state to legalize sports betting, albeit limited to in-person wagering at two tribal casinos. However, the state took a monumental leap forward in June 2023 with the enactment of HB 347, which expanded sports betting to include online and mobile wagering. The official launch of online sports betting in North Carolina took place on March 11, 2024.

As the popularity of sports betting continues to surge, more states are actively considering its legalization. Stay tuned for further updates on the states that are exploring the legalization of sports betting.

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The Current State Of Sports Betting Law

There was a federal ban on sports betting from 1992 to 2018 under the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act. The 1992 law granted immunity to four states that had previously allowed sports betting inside their borders. Those states are Nevada, Delaware, Oregon and Montana.

Delaware was actually the first to the expanded market. The state used its existing sports betting law on the books, established single-game wagering regulations, and began taking bets on June 5, 2018.

Thanks to the court decision, these states can now offer legal sports betting as well:

• New Jersey — Launched June 14

• Massachusetts — Jan 31, 2023

• Mississippi — Launched Aug. 1

• West Virginia — Launched Aug. 30

• Pennsylvania (established temporary regulations in June 2018)

• Rhode Island

Most of the remaining states must still organize which department will oversee state-regulated sportsbooks. Most are choosing between their respective gambling commissions or lottery boards — until then no wagers can be legally taken.

Several additional states such as Louisiana, Connecticut, Maryland, Missouri, California, South Carolina, Iowa, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Oklahoma, Ohio and New York began drafting bills to legalize sports betting soon after New Jersey.


Legal Sports Betting States

Below you will find our breakdown of every state's gambling laws. These overviews cover everything from sports gambling and casino gaming, to race tracks and daily fantasy sports, to bingo and lottery, and everything potentially in-between. Simply scroll to your state of choice and then click to find out more about its sports landscape, betting policies and so much more:

What Is The Minimum Age To Bet?

Each state or province determines its own minimum age for gambling. Some have two minimum ages (18 in some casinos, 21 in others). This is typical in states with alcohol-licensed casinos. If alcohol is served on the casino floor, the minimum age is 21.

In California, the minimum age is 18 at some casinos, while it's 21 at others. In Florida, it's 18 for bingo, poker or pari-mutuels and 21 for slots. In New York, it's also 18 or 21 depending on the casino.

The most common gambling age for state lotteries is 18, but certain states such as Arizona and Iowa require you to be 21 before you are allowed to play.

Other Forms Of Gambling

The American Gaming Association, an industry trade group, states that gaming in the U.S. is a $240-billion industry, employing 1.7 million people in 40 states. In 2016, gaming taxes contributed $8.85 billion in state and local revenues.

The 508 commercial casinos (as of 2014) across the nation make up the bulk of the revenues. Other forms of gambling include lotteries, pari-mutuel wagering on horse racing, charitable games and bingo.

Horse Racing


The ABCs Of Sports Betting

The industry offers a staggering number of bets on all sports. The number one selection which draws the majority of wagers is football. It's America's game — by far.

Almost 60 per cent of all bets made are on the touchdown makers. Basketball draws about 30 per cent of the sports betting pool, while all other sports make up the final 10 per cent.

The most common wagers are "straight bets." These are the money line, point spread and over/under totals. But there are many other options, such as futures, parlays, teasers and many variations of those bets.

• Money line

Everyone likes to pick a winner, and that's all you have to do to score on the money line.

This is the most common bet, and it applies to every sport. There is no point spread linked to the money line, there is just a favorite and an underdog. So the team you bet on only has to win the game, not win by a certain number of points.

Let's say, for example, Team A (favorite) is -140 to win the game. Team B (underdog) is +120 to pull off the upset. To win the money line, all you have to do is pick the winner, but the payout is linked to the betting line (-140 and +120).

If there is a minus sign in front of the betting line (-140), that is how much money a bettor has to wager to win $100. In our example, you would have to wager $140 to make a profit of $100 for a total return of $240.

If there is a plus sign in front of the betting line (+120), that is how much profit a bettor makes for a $100 bet. In our example, you would have to wager $100 to make a profit of $120 for a total return of $220.

• Point spread

Commonly called the line or spread, it is the number chosen by Las Vegas and other oddsmakers that they feel will get an equal amount of money wagered on the underdog and the favorite.

The negative value (-3.5) means the team is favored by 3.5 points. The positive value (+3.5) indicates an underdog of 3.5 points.

In this instance, the favored team must win by at least four points to cover the spread. The underdog team can win outright or lose by three points and still "cover" the spread.

• Over/under totals

Over/under bets are the only wager in all of sports that allow you to cheer for or against both teams that are playing. This is a bet where you predict that the total of the final score will be over or under a certain total.

For example, the over/under betting line for Super Bowl LII was set at 48.5. The final score was 41-33 for a total of 74 points. It does not matter which team wins the game in this bet.

As you can see, this allows you to cheer for both teams in the Super Bowl to score a ton of points or against both teams to keep it a low-scoring contest. The "over" won this bet.